Now a days, every library is trying to fulfill the fifth law of Library Science i.e. The library is growing organism and in order to proof the same, libraries are increasing their resources day-by-day in every field as libraries are under compulsion to provide quick services to its patrons to meet their requirements with the help of technology. This workshop will mainly focus on Open Source Library Automation System i.e. Koha and creating awareness among library and information professionals to adopt these technologies for the betterment of library services to meet their institution research activities. 

     About Koha:

Koha is the first Open Source Integrated Library Management System (ILMS) which includes Acquisition, Cataloguing, Circulation, Serial Control & Online Public Access Catalogue with many more advanced features. Koha supports International library standards and protocols which ensures interoperability between Koha & any other library management system. It supports technologies and international standards such as MARC 21, RFID, z39.50, web 2.0 etc. The software is fully customizable and includes all modules expected in any standard library management system.

Salient Features:

  •      Supports International Standards & Protocol such as MARC 21, z39.50 etc.

  •      Supports Import/Export data compatible to MARC

  •      Multilingual & Strong Web OPAC

  •      Comprehensive advance search

  •      Flexibility to customize online public access catalogue according to your library needs

  •      OPAC can be used as Content Management System

  •      Printing functions for barcode labels, patron cards and reports

  •      Virtual Book Shelf & Course Reserve

  •      Supports copy cataloguing

  •      Provision to have branch libraries and Items transfers

  •      Budget & Fund Management

  •      Customizable Data Entry Sheet (In different framework) & supports import/export MARC framework

  •      No platform dependency. It can run on Linux, Windows etc.

  •      It uses MySQL as backend RDBMS and Apache Web server (Open Source Software)

  •      Support Multiple Instances (One can create more than 1 library with different database)

Introduction to RFID

Radio frequency identification (RFID) is the latest technology which is now used by the library for automation of the housekeeping operations. Unlike EM (Electro-Mechanical) and RF (Radio Frequency) systems, which have been used in libraries for decades, RFID-based systems move beyond security to become tracking systems that combine security with more efficient tracking of materials throughout the library, including easier and faster charge and discharge, inventorying, and materials handling, It is combination of microchip and radio frequency technologies. The information which is contained / entered in the chips is detected by the radio frequency waves for further processing of carried data.

RFID technology is in use since the 1970s. RFID tags can be active, semi-passive and passive. It is a small device available in many sizes with varying data storage capability. Passive tags don't have internal batteries. RFID reader is a device that can receive and transmit a radio signal. It is built to encode data stored in the tag's microprocessor. Because of the higher cost, active and semi-passive RFID tags are used for valuable asset tracking. The passive RFID tags are used in RFID library management systems

     Usage of RFID in libraries

There are many areas/housekeeping operations where RFID technology is used in the libraries which are described below:

  •   Book charging/discharging: This is one of the most used application of RFID in libraries, it provide very fast and accurate transaction of library items, and main advantage is at a time more than one item can be issued/returned.

  •   Book Drop: This is a drop box where user can just drop their items, and book will be returned with return slips, it can be placed outside the libraries at various remote locations so that users can have opportunity to return the books at any time irrespective of holidays.

  •   Self-issue/return KIOSK: The concept of KIOSK is almost similar to Automatic tailoring machine (ATM) where bank client can withdraw and deposit the amount at any time. However this device is placed inside the library only so that patrons can themselves issue and return the items without the interference of the library staffs, it helps in reducing manpower of the library.

  •   Shelve reader: This device is used for inventory control/stock verification and locating the missing items in the library.

Security (EAS) gate: Electronic article surveillance (EAS) gate is used for security purpose, if a library member attempted to take out the books outside the library without proper issue from the RFID system this gate alarm the library personnel's about possibility of theft. Now a day's these gates also help in counting the total visitors to the library.

Reference management tools

Reference Management Tools help scholars to create and manage their lists of references for research projects. Most tools are designed to organize citations into specific formats for the preparation of manuscripts and bibliographies. Many search tools provide ways to download references into reference management tools. 


Zotero is the only research tool that automatically senses content in your web browser, allowing you to add it to your personal library with a single click. Whether you're searching for a preprint on, a journal article from JSTOR, a news story from the New York Times, or a book from your university library catalog, Zotero has you covered with support for thousands of sites. Zotero collects all your research in a single, searchable interface. You can add PDFs, images, audio and video files, snapshots of web pages, and really anything else. Zotero automatically indexes the full-text content of your library, enabling you to find exactly what you're looking for with just a few keystrokes.

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